Several beliefs differentiated Puritans from other Christians. It's been a while since I've gone over Puritans, but ultimatley, their belief in predestination led to their extreme "child rearing." The single phrase above that is accurate concerning the Puritans themselves is that they were believers in Calvinist theology. The first was their belief in predestination. Many people do not realize that there are many different denominations of the Christian faith. What did John Winthrop want to create in the Massachusetts Bay Colony? They believed that the civil government should strictly enforce public morality by prohibiting vices like drunkenness, gambling, ostentatious dress, swearing, and Sabbath-breaking. Puritans believed that belief in Jesus and participation in the sacraments could not alone effect one's salvation; one cannot choose salvation, for that is the privilege of God alone. – Total depravity: This doctrine was not held in the early Church and comes from Gnosticism. Just like Calvinists today, God is believed to ultimately plan everything that happens. Beliefs and practices of the Puritans: – Predestination/Election: God preordained some people to heaven and some to hell. They believed in predestination, which led them to search their own and others’ behavior for signs of saving grace. Puritans believed in predestination. The belief that set Puritans and Calvinists apart from other denominations of Protestantism, however, was predestination. Puritans believed that God had already determined who would go to heaven and who to hell, and that a small percentage of individuals among the population were the Elect, those predestined for heaven. The concept of predestination played a large role in the life of Puritans. They could not tolerate public scandal, especially when attached to a religious moment. Predestination. This doctrine holds that God is all-powerful and all-knowing; therefore, the fate of each individual soul is known to God at birth. – The non-elect were evil. Puritans are more strict and follow more rigid guidelines of morality than … The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement that arose in the late 16th century and held that the Church of England should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in … What the Puritans did want was a society dominated by their views. Puritanism, I believe, was an extension, or an alteration of Calvinism. David Hall in The Legacy of John Calvin: His Influence in the Modern World rightly stated that “citizens on both sides of the Atlantic believed that the intellectual descendents of Calvin were the founders of colonial America.” This made them eager to convert Natives to Christianity, which they managed to do in some places . 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