It is situated almost entirely within the Antarctic Circle, which means that temperatures are consistently below zero throughout a majority of the year. Textbooks like to say the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents, while the Antarctic is a continent surrounded by an ocean. 5. Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, driest continent on the planet, and researchers are still discovering many of its secrets. The Arctic is located at the northernmost part of our planet. Arctic facts. In June on the Winter Solstice all places have twenty-four hours of night. Wrap up warm, gang, because we’re off on an icy adventure to the Arctic in our ten brrr-illiant Arctic facts! 1. It's Way Colder in the Antarctic Circle. 10 fun facts about Antarctica 1. Antarctic Circle, parallel, or line of latitude around the Earth, at 66°30′ S. Because the Earth’s axis is inclined about 23.5° from the vertical, this parallel marks the northern limit of the area within which, for one day or more each year, at the summer and winter solstices, the Sun… The magnetic South Pole is constantly on the move, travelling about 8 km a year. Facts about the Antarctic Circle. The Antarctic ice sheet is the largest on Earth, covering an incredible 14 million km² (5.4 million square miles) of Antarctica holds most of the world’s fresh water. Shown on the image above with a dashed red line, this parallel of latitude sits at approximately 66.33° south of the Equator. Captain James Cook crossed the Antarctic Circle three times in the late-18th century. All that seawater under the North Pole moderates the climate to some extent. All the lands between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole are called Antarctica. Ernest Shackleton’s 1907 expedition to Antarctica reached the magnetic south pole for the first time. Scientists usually define the Arctic as the area above the ‘Arctic Circle’ — an imaginary line that circles around the top of the globe. 2. An incredible 60-90% of the world’s fresh water is locked in Antarctica’s vast ice sheet. The Norwegian-Swedish whaling ship the Antarctic made the first landing on Antarctica in 1895. Antarctica Facts and Pictures ... 8/ The Antarctic convergence is an upwelling of deep cold Antarctic water in the ocean in a very rough circle around Antarctica, it brings nutrients to the surface and forms a temperature barrier. The southern Polar Circle contains the driest, coldest, and windiest continent on Earth – Antarctica! The Antarctic Circle is a special line of latitude that circles the Earth near the South Pole. Antarctic Circle The Antarctic (or Antarctica) Circle is one of the five major circles or parallels of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. 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