Here are four sustainable soil management practices worth learning about. But more steps can be taken, learning from the Bhoochetana system and YLP, to improve soil health in the face of challenges from climate change, especially in the Philippines where soil poor health should be a cause for great concern. Under genetic intensification, the aim is to increase farm yields also through steps like making varieties more resilient or resistant to pest, diseases and effects of climate change. Some soil management techniques are not necessarily new. To understand this better, let™s start with the basics. Soil nutrient management is defined by the USDA as managing the application of commercial fertilizers, manure, amendments, and organic by-products to agricultural landscapes as a source of plant nutrients. Nowadays, the use of fossil fuel energies directly or indirectly in agriculture has not been economically profitable for producers. Therefore, soil management has a special place in terms of fertilizer usage efficiency. According to the FESLM: An International Framework for Evaluating Sustainable Land Management definitions by FAO, sustainable land management combines socio-economic principles with environmentally sensitive technologies, policies and activities [9]. This method requires, in principle, to protect and improve soil fertility, to prevent and correct soil degradation and to prevent environmental damage. In cases where sufficient water cannot be met by rainfall, the water needed should be given by irrigation water. Increase soil organic matter. The report also blamed the rapid conversion of agricultural areas to residential and other land uses, and increasing water pollution as major factors in land degradation. 9 Achieving sustainable soil management See how human factors and analysis techniques affect soil management decisions. Brief introduction to this section that descibes Open Access especially from an IntechOpen perspective, Want to get in touch? Therefore, precision farming practices are one of the most important components of sustainable soil fertility and plant nutrition management. There are many definitions and explanations about sustainable agriculture [1]. According to this: Determination of soil water potential with soil moisture sensors. Open Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all. The questions such as: What is agriculture and how should a production be made to meet increasing agricultural demands? Scouting is the most fundamental act of traveling in crop fields and make observations. Sustainable soil and land management interventions that are designed to increase soil organic matter should be accompanied by actions that address the drivers of degradation and help preserve existing soil carbon stocks, particularly in soils with high soil organic carbon content (see Box B7.2) (Smith et al., 2014). However, it should also be accepted that the system cannot be sustainable with the practices where the agricultural structure is not properly managed and the land is constantly destroyed. 8 Soil salinization Learn about the process of salinization, its effects, and how to manage it. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the UN has predicted that soil degradation may reduce up to 10 per cent of crop yields by 2050, threatening global food security. Some soil management practices increase the amount of water available to crops, while others will degrade soil and decrease available soil water. D. Components of a Sustainable Soil Fertility Management Program: The Means to Achieving the Above Goals 1. Soil needs 16 micronutrients and NPK fertilizer can only provide three: nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. Natural fertilizers are healthier for soil, plants, water, air and people than chemical fertilizers. Its components include: increasing soil carbon in all ecosystems (from tropical forests to pasture to wetlands); soil rejuvenation and efficient nutrient management; utilization of improved varieties and hybrid technologies (not only seeds); and sustainable intensification framework. Soil compaction also complicates germination of the seed, limits the growth of plant roots, affects the biodiversity of the soil and causes the surface soil crusting. Nowadays, with the introduction of Industry 4.0 technology, it is possible to reduce the costs of using natural resources at the required level by ensuring the communication of objects in agriculture. An enabling environment should also be created where farmers are trained to become agripreneurs, and matured technologies are made available to them with appropriate training on how to adopt the technologies, among others. However, they are facing several pressures and are also heavily affected by climate change and erosion. My two past columns on Bhoochetana and the Yamang Lupa Program (YLP) highlighted the importance of managing water and soil resources to help achieve better crop yields and improved incomes for smallholder farmers. It comprises 16 papers arising from the Soil Management for Sustainable Agro-Food Systems Session at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly in April 2011. The long-term aim of the program is to restore valuable land cover to help improve water quality, prevent soil erosion and reduce loss of wildlife areas. Improving and maintaining physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil involves a suite of interrelated practices. The world population is growing at a great pace. Also, biomass, which is literally treated as wastes in the Philippines, should be used for mulching to preserve soil health, and biochar should be utilized on a larger scale. For example, cereals are preferred for weed control, and legumes cultivation is preferred for providing nitrogen to the crop plant. By Érika Andressa da Silva, Pedro Antônio Namorato Benevenute, Geraldo César de Oliveira, Yuri Lopes Zinn, Bruno Montoani Silva, Laura Beatriz Batista de Melo, Thiago Henrique Pereira Reis, César Henrique Caputo de Oliveira and Paulo Tácito Gontijo Guimarães, By Kuldeep Tripathi, Padmavathi G. Gore, Mamta Singh, Ravi K. Pamarthi, Reena Mehra and Gayacharan C. We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. Some of the issues to be taken into consideration for the protection of soil physical structure can be listed as follows [15]; Reduce the number and frequency of vehicle traffic, avoid unnecessary operations. Publications and other resources on how to assess, improve and maintain soil health for both croplands and pastures. Soil Management Soil is a compound blend of minerals, organic matter, liquids, gases, and even living organisms. As a result of the increase in the need for land resources, many countries around the world need to map their land in detail and use the land according to their capabilities. It is clear that the continuity of all the living things is possible with the food provided by natural resources. Fertilizer application methods are extremely important in terms of fertilizer economy. A fully functioning soil produces the maximum amount of products at the least cost. For this purpose, the minimum and most economical and fastest way of implementation of each application in agriculture is one of the priorities that should be focused on the protection of agricultural areas and natural resources. It comprises 16 papers arising from the Soil Management for Sustainable Agro-Food Systems Session at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly in April 2011. Feeding roughly 8 billion people with an environmentally sustainable production system is a major challenge, especially considering the fact that 10% of the world’s population at risk of hunger and 25% at risk of malnutrition. Compost, fertilization, integrated pest management, using the right plant in the right place, appropriate use of turf and xeriscaping (water-wise gardening) are all components of sustainable landscaping. Biochar is a type of charcoal produced from plant matter that can be stored in soil, and can remove carbon from the atmosphere. In agriculture, healthy nutrition of the plants and increasing the use of fertilizers depends on the application of nutrients at the time of need, with sufficient and correct methods. 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